Recent Projects: Emergency Relief
BANGLADESH: The world's fastest-growing refugee crisis
More than 607,000 Rohingya refugees have arrived in Bangladesh since late August, after military violence in Myanmar forced them to flee their homes. In the border town of Cox's Bazar, Human Appeal has distributed aid to 18,100 beneficiaries, providing them with food parcels, non-food items, medical care and temporary shelters.
With the help of our donors, we have started three new projects to support Rohingya families in Cox's Bazar. Over the coming weeks, we will assemble a medical camp, provide WASH facilities and establish child-friendly spaces where children can receive counselling and non-formal education.
MYANMAR: Emergency aid for internally displaced families
In Rakhine State, Myanmar, we have provided 900 extremely vulnerable families living in camps in Sittwe and the surrounding villages with essential food items. Distribution was done over a period of 5 days with multiple distribution points arranged so that beneficiaries could easily access food parcels. Each parcel contained rice, beans, cooking oil, dried chilies and salt.
SOMALIA: Providing humanitarian aid to a vulnerable population
Somalia’s basic humanitarian and development indicators remain among the worst in the world. Conflict, insecurity, political instability and weak infrastructure has left the Somali population severely vulnerable. There are more than 1.1 million people displaced within Somalia and it is estimated that up to 2 million will be displaced by the end of 2017.
As of 2017, more than 6.2 million people (50% of the population) are in need of food assistance according to the WFP, and the risk of famine will exist through to at least 2018. Nearly 3 million people currently cannot meet their daily food requirements and around 363,000 children under 5 years old are acutely malnourished, including 71,000 children who are severely malnourished and at high risk of disease and death.
Continued large-scale humanitarian assistance is needed to prevent loss of life and livelihoods. Recurrent drought is the main driver of the food crisis, resulting in crop failures across the country, higher food prices and the drought-related displacement of 893,000 people between November 2016 to August 2017.
Overall, 45% of the population of Somalia do not have access to a safe water supply and 37% do not have access to basic sanitation, meaning that over 4.5 million people are now in need of WASH assistance. According to UNICEF, 77,538 AWD/cholera cases and 1,118 deaths have been reported to date.
Limited access to proper health services, poor health infrastructure and a lack of clean and safe water has resulted in worsening conditions for the affected communities. This crisis has prompted population movement: more than 683,000 people have moved towards urban centres since November 2016 in search of food, water and treatment for malnutrition and diseases.
Human Appeal has prioritised the following sectors for immediate intervention:
Targeting the drought-affected areas of Mogadishu, Baidoa and Gedo regions, we aim to improve the food security of vulnerable IDPs passing through or staying in the target areas and will register beneficiaries from the IDP camp as well as vulnerable households in the host community.
The targeted beneficiaries are being supported by the following measures during the crisis period and beyond:
- We are providing food parcels equivalent to those provided by the World Food Programme and recommended by the Somalia food security cluster. The food packs include: 25kgs of rice, 25kgs of wheat flour, 10kgs of sugar, 3 litres of cooking oil, 1kg of tea leaves and 2.5kgs of milk powder. Unconditional cash vouchers will be provided through mobile money transfer technology or general food vouchers where there is access to markets.
- Agricultural/livestock inputs, rehabilitation of irrigation channels and provision of irrigation pumps in order to tackle pastoralist drop-outs - this is likely to occur when there is a lack of adequate social safety for individuals whose animals die resulting in loss of livelihoods hence forcing them to drop out of the pastoral system.
The impact of poor WASH services across Somalia is having a devastating effect on the health of the IDPs, returnees and poor host communities, with children bearing the biggest impact. A recent needs assessment jointly conducted by IOM and SRDA in Bardhere district established that 50% of the population obtained water from open sources, yet only 12% reported treating drinking water at the household.
It was found that 82% did not use correct items for hand washing and 31% practiced open defection which is a major risk to the rest of 50% of households who source their water from the river. 51% of the shared latrines were found to be unhygienic.
Our WASH interventions focus on improving the availability of clean water and sanitation to vulnerable households located in IDP camps and host communities in the drought affected areas of Mogadishu and Gedo regions of Somalia, through:
- Rehabilitation/construction of existing water sources including shallow wells, boreholes, water pans and installation of solar powered systems, provision of water treatment systems and provision of adequate hygiene facilities including latrines.
- Provision of hygiene promotion sessions carried out by trained hygiene promoters, setting up of Water Environmental & Sanitation (WES) committees, Community Hygiene Promoters (CHPs) and provision of Operation & Maintenance training for technicians.
- Launching campaigns in response to AWD/Cholera outbreaks and prevention as well as to push for positive behavioural change.
- Providing emergency food relief for drought affected IDPs and host communities for 2 months. Locations have been across various districts including Mogadishu, Luuq, and Baidoa.
- Improving the food security of vulnerable households with the provision of food packs. The food pack includes 25kgs of rice, 25kgs of wheat flour, 10kgs of sugar, 3 litres of cooking oil, 1kg of tea leaves and 2.5kgs of milk powder.
- Supporting vulnerable communities through the provision of agricultural and livestock inputs, rehabilitation of irrigation channels and provision of irrigation pumps to pastoralists, in order to build appropriate coping strategies and minimise their exposure to shocks.
- Improving access to clean water and appropriate hygiene and Sanitation facilities in Luuq and Dolow district of Gedo region – Somalia.
- Providing clean and safe water to vulnerable households in Dolow and Luuq districts through the rehabilitation of community owned water infrastructure to improve suitability and ownership as well as improve hygiene awareness.
- Construction of latrines in IDP camps to improve access to facilities and improve overall health.
YEMEN: Responding to a healthcare crisis
Yemen’s health system is on the brink of collapse, with more than 50% of its health clinics and hospitals damaged or destroyed by the ongoing violence. Heath services are collapsing while needs are surging due to an explosion in cases of cholera. In July, more than 200,000 people were believed to have contracted the disease. Medical staff are working without salaries and medical equipment is in chronically short supply.
The cholera outbreak has been driven by poor water and sanitation infrastructure, and widespread hunger and malnutrition. Weak and hungry people are more likely to contract cholera, and cholera is more likely to flourish in places where malnutrition exists.
The Al-Sabeen Maternity and Child Hospital in Sana’a is on the verge of breaking point, crammed with patients suffering from cholera. This has pushed the facility well past its full capacity and into a healthcare crisis. Human Appeal teams found patients being treated in the corridors due to the shortage of beds.
We have provided the Al-Sabeen hospital with 10 incubators because the need for this equipment was so great. Incubators are required for newborn infants, often those who were born prematurely or with an illness or disability, making them especially vulnerable for the first several months of life.
We have also delivered 75 beds with mattresses covered in plastic sheets to cholera centres and hospitals in Sana’a, and distributed essential medical disposables including antibiotics, syringes and protective clothing.
SYRIA: Providing medical care to vulnerable women and children in Idlib and rural Aleppo
Human Appeal has been supporting Al Imaan hospital in the region of Big Orem in Western rural Aleppo since early 2015, providing relief to vulnerable people in need of medical assistance, specifically women and children. The hospital also provided critical pre and post-natal assistance to expectant and new mothers along with their infants.
Between January and April 2017, Al Imaan hospital has improved maternal and child healthcare through community-based health and nutrition interventions. This quarter alone more than 7,736 children and 5,972 women received healthcare. 6,168 boys and girls, aged 6-59 months and 5,091 pregnant and lactating women were screened for malnutrition. Dental treatment was also provided to those in need.
However, the security situation deteriorated in the region due to constant airstrikes and it became too dangerous to keep the hospital open.
We decided to:
- Re-locate the Al Imaan hospital: It took one month to relocate to a building in Qah, Idlib, almost 40km from the existing area in Big Orem. The new building has 17 rooms and now provides similar services to the same number of beneficiaries whilst ensuring staff safety. This new location consists of an operating room, pharmacy, paediatric (furnished with 10 incubators) and gynaecology clinic, laboratory, separate resident rooms for both women and men, labour room, waiting room, administration room and emergency room. This is now operational as a 24/7 hospital.
- Set up a Primary Health Care (PHC) centre: The Al Imaan PHC was established in a sub-district near Al Atarib and Shiekh Ali in Big Orim, Western rural Aleppo. This centre provides specialised paediatric, gynaecological, nutritionist and dental services.
- Create a mobile clinic: The mobile clinic is now providing services in various regions of Western Rural Aleppo and currently reaches three communities. This clinic includes 1 general physician, 1 midwife, 2 nurses, 1 CHW and 1 pharmacist. The clinic provides its service either on site or aids in referral and transportation to a functional hospital in the region.
According to the regional health cluster coordinator, Human Appeal is the only organisation providing paediatric services through Al Imaan hospital, and the PHC and mobile clinic in their respective areas. We are now providing more services than ever, with the Al Imaan hospital serving beneficiaries in Qah, Idlib and the PHC and mobile clinic providing care for families in Western rural Aleppo.
We noticed that there was an increase in babies needing incubators in the Al Imaan Hospital, due to mass displacement in the previous month. The hospital already had 9 incubators (2 of which weren’t functional) and 1 UV incubator (out of service). All the incubators were second hand and required maintenance frequently. The incubators were being used to full capacity and sometimes there was more than one baby kept in the incubator.
After the security issues and airstrikes forced us to relocate the hospital to Kah, Idlib, we managed to achieve our objectives. We procured and installed 3 new standard incubators, 1 UV incubators and 2 phototherapy unis, helping between 200 and 250 newborns on a monthly basis. We also assisted cases referred from Western rural Aleppo.
IRAQ: Rapid response deliveries in West Mosul
After security operations escalated in February 2017, more than 300,000 people have been displaced from West Mosul's surrounding towns, villages and city suburbs.
Human Appeal was one of the first NGOs to arrive and distribute aid, including flour distribution in poor neighbourhoods in the Tahrir quarter and food parcel distribution in Al-Hadba'a. As part of our Immediate Rapid Response (IRR), we installed 18 water tanks of 5 cubic metres each, to provide water on a daily basis.
Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) is an emergency response model for delivering humanitarian aid to vulnerable people in times of crisis. Life-saving supplies will reach people when they are most vulnerable ; on the move, stuck at checkpoints, caught in crossfires, and trapped in hard-to-reach areas.
As part of our RRM project, we targeted 2,000 families, each with an average number of 6 members. Human Appeal procured quality ready to eat food available in the local market, and transported this to poor and hard-to-reach areas on the west side of Mosul city.
- 2,000 families received RRM kits that contained food boxes and water bottles.
- 10,636 individual beneficiaries were reached with this intervention.
IRAQ: Flour distribution in East Mosul
In Iraq, 2.9 million people are currently food insecure, forced to rely on severe and often irreversible coping strategies. As humanitarian access becomes possible in retaken urban areas of Mosul city, the delivery of first-line emergency assistance is a priority. Each humanitarian cluster has decided on three objectives for the response during the lifetime of the crisis. Currently we are at the first line response stage, where the priority is providing emergency food and agricultural assets to highly vulnerable families as soon as they are accessible.
Human Appeal was one of the first NGOs to arrive in and work inside Mosul City’s hard-to-reach areas. After a rapid needs assessment, we identified families living both in and out of camps in newly accessible areas as some of the most vulnerable beneficiaries.
The AL-Tahrir and Al-Zahraa neighbourhoods were in most urgent need of food security intervention, as these areas had not received any humanitarian aid for three years. The target beneficiaries were 1,000 extremely vulnerable families within the two neighbourhoods.
Over two days, Human Appeal distributed 51 tonnes of flour to 1,019 needy families. Each family received 50kg of flour (based on a family size of 6 persons), enough for a whole month. This project directly benefited 5,298 vulnerable individuals.
IRAQ: Families Fleeing Violence in Mosul
The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most volatile in the world. In 2014, 2 million civilians were displaced in Iraq, and in 2015, an additional 1.4 million were forced to flee. During the past year, more than 650,000 people in conflict-affected areas have been displaced.
Over 3 million Iraqis have lost their homes, living in 3,700 locations across the country. There is no end to the conflict in sight, and in 2017 as many as 1.2 million additional civilians may be forced from their homes.
2.9 million people are currently food insecure, forced to rely on severe and often irreversible coping strategies. Inter-agency and cluster assessments confirm that 10.3 million people require health care and 8.3 million need water and sanitation facilities.Intervention in Mosul has the potential to be the single largest humanitarian operation in the world in 2017. Military sources confirm that as many as 500,000 civilians remain in the central and eastern parts of the city and that close to 700,000 are concentrated in the densely populated western sections. Without emergency support, these families will be unable to survive.
Our Human Appeal staff on the ground are currently carrying out a needs assessment, and delivering Quick Impact Projects (QIPs) to families in desperate need. With your support, we have:
- Delivered 1,500 food parcels to families in the Khazer camp on the outskirts of Mosul in November 2016.
- Purchased and distributed 500 large blankets to local families.
- Arranged food distribution in a similar camp for approximately 1,000 families.
Throughout the coming 12 months, Human Appeal’s planned interventions include:
- Setting up either a permanent or mobile bakery near the main camps outside Mosul, that will provide bread packs to 50,000 beneficiaries on a daily basis , in addition to food parcel delivery.
- Providing clean water and sanitation facilities in a number of camps across Iraq.
- Creating temporary learning centres for displaced Iraqi children living in refugee camps.
MYANMAR: The Plight of the Rohingya Muslims
Rakhine State, located in the western Myanmar, is the least developed of Myanmar’s 14 states and is characterised by widespread poverty, weak infrastructure, natural disasters, and a lack of opportunity for employment and income generation.
Home to the Rohingya Muslims, Rakhine State has been affected by intercommunal conflict since 2012. The Rohingya Muslims are considered one of the most persecuted groups in the world. They are denied Burmese citizenship, despite having lived in Myanmar for generations, they cannot move freely within the country, and are often targeted for forced labour. The total stateless population of Rakhine State is estimated to be close to 1 million people.
The outbreak of violence in northern Rakhine State, following attacks on border guard police on 9th October 2016, led to an escalation of tensions between the Rohingya and the Myanmar army, resulting in ongoing communal violence and armed clashes.
Following the outbreak of violence, the government declared a state of emergency in Maung Daw and three other townships. The security operations led by the Myanmar Army resulted in restricted access to northern Rakhine and halted all existing aid operations.
Statistics from the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs show that 120,000 people have been displaced within Rakhine State and 179,000 people in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Recent UN reports show that a direct result of the outbreak of violence in October 2016 and retaliation by the Myanmar Army and police, 66,000 people have fled to the Bangladesh border and 22,000 people are internally displaced within Maung Daw. Aid operations have now resumed, but access remains limited.
Our intervention to date:
- Our Human Appeal team has visited 25 villages in the Maung Daw township to conduct a needs basement, interviewing 10,000 families. 5,000 families from 10 villages have been identified as matching the selection criteria.
- Those 5,000 families are now receiving emergency food packs and drinking water, as well as clothes, blankets, medicine and baby supplies.
- We are also providing emergency medical care to those who have been affected by the recent violence. The villages targeted by our intervention are being visited by the relief team and a doctor, paramedic or health assistant. The health experts are checking the health of each beneficiary and administering treatment, including oral saline, blood pressure medicine, vitamins and nutritional supplements for babies.
SYRIA: The Crisis in Aleppo
Human Appeal has more than 200 staff and 70 volunteers working inside Syria, from offices in both Idleb Sarmada and Aleppo A’zaz. Our personnel are devoting their attentions to a diverse array of project areas, including Food Security & Livelihoods, Water and Sanitation, Health, Non Food Items, and Shelter.
Human Appeal is a strong partner with WFP, UNOCHA and UNDP, and we are distributing 16,500 food parcels each month to camps for Internally Displaced Persons in Northern Idleb.
In the past couple of weeks, Human Appeal has:
- Constructed a high-quality emergency camp in Azaz Aleppo, catering for 2,500 vulnerable people who have fled Aleppo city.
- Provided clean, treated water for 3,500 beneficiaries each day, and constructed latrines and showers.
- Distributed 4,000 hygiene packs and food parcels to 20,000 people in rural Aleppo.
- Provided 50,000 people with flour and bread on a daily basis across rural Aleppo.
Human Appeal is one of the few international organisations on the ground in rural Aleppo. We’re now delivering more life-saving aid to civilians fleeing the ravaged city, including:
- Emergency kits containing sponge mattresses, blankets, pillows, plastic sheets, and an LED light to 1,044 families.
- Kitchen sets containing pots, bowls, cutlery, a cooking stove and a jerry can to 1,044 families.
- WASH facilities for 6,570 beneficiaries.
- Temporary shelters for the 80,000 displaced Syrian civilians in rural Aleppo.
- A mobile kitchen producing 5,000 cooked meals for 24hrs every day.
- Winter kits to protect Syrian families in the coldest months of the year. Hypothermia, chilblains, frostbite, and pneumonia are real risks, particularly for children and the elderly.
In 2016 alone, your generous donations helped us deliver £28 million in humanitarian aid to Syria’s most vulnerable people. Since 31st December 2016, we have provided 5,020 cooked meals every day at 36 distribution sites in Azzaz, Aleppo. So far, our cooked meals have fed 25,100 individuals.
SYRIA: Flour Distribution in Aleppo
Since the beginning of 2013, Human Appeal has implemented flour distribution campaigns in Syria. Almost all the Syrian people depend on bread as a major food source. The Syrian conflict is now in its fifth year, and the need for flour is as severe as ever.
Based on a Human Appeal needs assessment within the Syrian territory, we identified a shortage of bread due to the unavailability of flour in different governorates within Syria.
There is a complete absence of bread across many regions, due to:
- A steep rise in prices, increasing from 15 to 45-150 Syrian Pounds (SP). In some areas, prices increased tenfold.
- A lack of functional bakeries, where even if the flour is available, there is no diesel and gasoline available for generators to produce electricity. Due to this shortage of fuel, the price of petrol has increased from 50 to 300 SP (six times higher) and diesel from 15 to 200 SP.
Over the course of this one month project (November-December 2016), we provided 1,000 tonnes of flour to conflict-affected Syrians. All goods were delivered inside Syria according to Human Appeal logistic procedures and policies:
- Goods were checked and verified for damaged or missing items, then a goods receiving note (GRN) was filled and signed by Human Appeal staff.
- Goods were delivered to the local partners' stores and bakeries with a goods delivery note (GDN), filled and stamped by the management of our local partners’ organisations.
This flour distribution project helped alleviate the suffering of 200,800 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and residents in the affected areas, by providing them with enough food support for a 1 month period.
HAITI: The Aftermath of Hurricane Matthew
On 4th October 2016, Hurricane Matthew violently struck south-west Haiti, cutting a deadly swathe across the country, and causing the largest humanitarian emergency since the earthquake six years ago. Even before Hurricane Matthew hit, Haiti’s people were struggling to survive. The country has high levels of poverty and currently ranks 168 of 187 on the Human Development Index, while 55% of the population live on less than US $2 per day.
As a consequence of the hurricane, more than 500 people have been confirmed dead, and another 1.4 million are in need of immediate food assistance. An estimated total of 2.1 million people have been affected by this disaster.
At least 300 schools have been damaged and according to UNICEF, some 106,250 children require educational support. The daily death toll from cholera cases is steadily rising, as people are forced to drink sewage-contaminated water.
On 9th October, Human Appeal’s emergency response team arrived in Haiti and completed needs assessments in the most devastated areas. We identified the province of Grand’Anse as the worst affected region, and made it the primary focus of our relief activity. We also staged interventions in the town of Jérémie and surrounding villages.
Our six-person emergency response team has provided food packs to families in need, consisting of rice, pasta, cooking oil, sugar, beans, tinned fish, tinned milk, and tomato paste.
We have already delivered these packs to 20,400. We are in the process of providing half a million life-saving water purification tablets to up to 52,500 people for a period of 3 months.
We need your continued support to rebuild 36 homes in Jérémie, one of the worst affected areas, and regenerate the Jérémie mosque, serving 500 people. Human Appeal also intends to build a bore hole water well, benefiting 1,000 people.
SYRIA: Educating Children in Batbu Village, Northern Aleppo and Dir Hassan Village, Al-Dana District
Human Appeal has been working with the Batbu Village school in Northern Aleppo and with Dir Hassan Village in Al-Dana district, to give children the opportunity to access education.
Providing education in an emergency situation is an extraordinary challenge, and bold, flexible approaches are needed to ensure success. We decided to address educational concerns in Batbu Village, as the Aleppo governorate has been one of the most seriously affected areas during the ongoing Syrian crisis, and the region’s children are in desperate need of support.