When is Eid al-Adha?
Co-authored by Musa Bukhari
This year, Eid al-Adha will fall on Sunday, 11 August, 2019 (subject to the moon sighting).
Here are some more key dates for your 2018 calendar:
• Day of Arafah – Saturday, 10 August
• 1st Muharram 1440 – Sunday, 1 September
• 10th Muharram – Tuesday, 10 September
Eid al-Adha is a celebratory day that coincides with the end of Hajj pilgrimage. This blessed day takes place on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijjah, the final month in the Islamic calendar. During Dhul Hijjah, and particularly on the Day of Arafah, Muslims fast, immerse themselves in worship, and ask for forgiveness from Allah.
Muslims perform the spiritual act of Qurbani, sacrificing an animal, during the Eid period in order for one third of the meat to go to charity. Today, many Muslims pay for their Qurbani to be carried out in vulnerable communities abroad so that meat from the whole animal can be donated to families most in need. Qurbani honours the obedience that the prophet Ibrahim (AS) showed to Allah’s command.
Abu Ubaid (RA) narrated, "I was present for Eid with Umar bin Khattab. He started with the prayer before the sermon, and said: 'The Messenger of Allah (saw) forbade fasting on these two days, the Day of Fitr and the Day of Adha. As for the Day of Fitr, it is the day when you break your fast, and on the Day of Adha you eat the meat of your sacrifices.'" (Ibn Majah)
Below we have highlighted some of the Sunnah traditions to be performed on the day of Eid to enhance your Eid experience and seek the pleasure of Allah.
1. Perform ghusl before the Eid prayer.
As Muslims, hygiene is a fundamental part of our religion.
Ibn Abbas narrated that “The Messenger of Allah (saw) used to have a bath on the day of Fitr.”
We are encouraged to do the same and in doing so we make sure that gatherings and family festivities are an enjoyable affair.
2. Wear your best clothes.
Nafi’ reported: Abdullah ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, would wear his best clothes on the days of the two Eids. (Ibn Hajar)
3. Eat dates before Eid prayer.
It is recommended to eat dates, as was the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) before he left his home for Eid prayer. We should emulate his noble example.
4. Apply Attar.
The Prophet used to apply attar – an oil-derived perfume for men – on Eid day; men should follow this Sunnah to ensure they smell pleasant as they attend Eid prayer.
5. Recite the Takbir of Eid.
Recite the Takbir before Eid prayers while at the mosque or on your way there. The Eid Takbir is:
‘Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. La Ilaaha Illallahu Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa Lillahil Hamd’
6. Greeting one another and supplicating.
On Eid, we often congratulate each other with greetings such as ‘Eid Mubarak’. However, a better way to do this is to take the examples of the Sahabah.
It was narrated by Sayyidina Jubayr ibn Nufayr (RA), that the Sahabah used to greet each other on the day of Eid with the following greeting: ‘Taqabbal Allaahu Minnaa Wa Minka’ which means ‘May Allah accept (the fast and/or worship) from us and from you.’ (Fathul-Bari)
7. Routes to Eid prayer.
Abir ibn Abdullah reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would return on the day of Eid by using a different route from which he came.
8. Pray Eid prayer.
Eid prayer must not be missed, as it is a fundamental part of Eid festivities.
As narrated by Abdullah bin Umar: “Allah’s Apostle used to offer the prayer of Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr and then deliver the Khutbah after the prayer.’ (Bukhari)
The sacrifice is done after Eid prayer and prior to the end of Tashreeq, which are the three days following Eid al-Adha. This means that your Qurbani must be performed by sunset on the fourth day of Eid.
10. Charity on Eid:
The Prophet (PBUH) would go out on the days of Eid and lead the prayer. When the he finished the prayer and invoked peace, he would stand and turn to people while they were sitting in their places of prayer. If he needed to dispatch an expedition, he would mention it to the people. If he had another need, he would order them regarding it. The Prophet would say three times, “Give in charity.” The women would give the most of those who gave, and then the Prophet would return. (Muslim)
Human Appeal would like to take this opportunity to wish everyone a beautiful beginning to the Dhul Hijjah period. We pray that Allah brings you ease and keeps you steadfast in your worship for Him. For those embarking on the journey of Hajj, we pray that Allah makes it a blessed and redemptive experience, and returns you in good health and high iman